Wednesday, December 13, 2006

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Odličan čvor - udica je vezana, i imate dlaku za boili. Može se vezivati i pletenicom i monofilamentom.



Prije no što je val suvremenog ribolova šarana preplavio Europu, klasično olovo imalo je samo dvije uloge : odnijeti sistem na željenu udaljenost i osigurati njegovu stabilnost na dnu. To i dalje vrijedi, no danas šaranska olova moraju ispunjavati i druge funkcije. Trebaju omogućiti šaranu da se sam zakvači, pa se obično govori o montaži samokvačenja*. Moraju doseći veoma velike udaljenosti, koje katkada prelaze i 100 m. Trebaju se savršeno prilagoditi svakoj vrsti dna, precizno zabaciti sistem čak i za vjetrovita dana, trebaju biti neupadni jer kako šarani uživaju u statusu “ne ubij”, sve su oprezniji.

Da sve bude još složenije, svakoj snazi štapa odgovara jedna idealna težina olova koja omogućuje da se maksimalno iskoriste mehaničke osobine pruta, kao i njegov nerv. Ako preopteretimo ili suprotno, neotežamo dovoljno sistem, rezultat je isti: maksimalna se daljina neće doseći. Pored toga, koriste li se preteška olova, prijeti opasnost da s vremenom oštetimo opremu







Oblik i težina

Postoji desetak vrsta olovnih oblika. Neka su olova, kao torpedno olovo na primjer, vrlo aerodinamična i dopuštaju dostizanje velikih daljina. Druga su veoma stabilna na dnu čak i kod snažnih struja, kao što je plosnato okruglo olovo.
Neka su pak osmišljena za maksimalno samokvačenje čak i na veoma velikim daljinama. Najčešće se postavljaju iz plovila, umjesto da se izbace na klasičan način putem pruta. Među ostalima, radi se o kuglastom olovu.
Najveća se preciznost postiže s četverokrilnim olovom koji, snabdjeven sa četiri krilca, leti poput strijele.

Težina olova ovisi o vrsti korištenog sistema, daljini koja se želi doseći i snazi pruta. Srednje težine idu od 50 do 100 grama. Rijetko se koriste laganija olova. Potreba za težim od 100 g je izuzetak, a i rijetki su prutovi koji mogu izdržati takva ponavljana naprezanja !




Vrsta dna

Prema prirodi, općenito razlikujemo tri vrste dna: tvrdo, muljevito i travnato.
Tvrda dna koja čine stijene, šljunak ili pijesak uključuju korištenje kruškastih, kuglastih ili plosnatih okruglih olova...
Suprotno tome, nestabilna dna, koja se sastoje od gline i raznojakih nanosa, traže korištenje modela s velikom nosećom površinom kako bi se izbjeglo njihovo propadanje u mulj. Četverokrilna i dagnjasta olova za to su savršena.

Na travnatom dnu, prednost ima trodijelno olovo. Zahvaljujući svom obliku ono se lagano spušta, a pri povlačenju sistema, jedino se ovaj tip olova brzo diže prema površini za vrijeme prvih metara namotavanja. Time se uklanjaju brojna zakvačenja i omogućuje se ponovno zabacivanje, a da se prethodno ne poremeti mir riba koje se nalaze na ribolovonom mjestu.







Dlaku su izumili engleski ribiči 1978. godine i s njom nesumnjivo revolucionirali tradicionalna načela šaranolova. Radi se o komadiću najlona ili upredenice koji se pričvrsti na udicu, a na njega se postavi mamac. Udica ostaje u cijelosti otkrivena što je do tada bilo sasvim nezamislivo. Naprotiv, ribiči su je pokušavali na sve moguće načine sakriti unutar mamca iz straha da je riba ne bi vidjela !

Glavna je prednost ove nove vrste mamčenja u tome što šaran ne osjeća ni najmanji otpor pri uzimanju mamca, a udica, budući da je potpuno slobodna, lako se zabode u samu ivicu usta, a da pri tom ne izazove oštećenje.
Od svog pojavljivanja sistemi s dlakom neprestance se usavršavaju. Danas tako postoje brojne varijante koje se uglavnom razlikuju po vezivnoj točki ili dužini
.





Različite vezivne točke

Postoji više načina pričvršćivanja dlake na udicu. Možete je vezati na luku, vratu ili omčici. Ova se zadnja mogućnost pokazala najučinkovitijom jer omogućava postavljanje dlake u osi udice tako da se jezičak može duboko zabosti u čeljust šarana.
Način vezivanja dlake na udicu ovisi i o veličini udice. U posljednje vrijeme, sve više se koriste mali modeli, tako je na primjer broj 2, koji se prije desetak godina koristio u većini slučajeva, skoro definitivno zamijenjen brojem 6 i 8.

Izbor udice ovisi ne o veličini šarana, već isključivo o veličini mamca. Ako lovite sa zrnima kukuruza ili malim boilima u promjeru do 20 mm, koristite udice od broja 6 do 8. Naprotiv, radi li se o velikim boilima u promjeru od 22 do 28 mm, izaberite udice broj 2 ili 4. Vodite računa i o luku udice koji mora biti širi što je boilia veća
.



Prava dužina

Dužina dlake prvenstveno ovisi o opreznosti šarana. Ako prakticirate u slabo izlovljenim vodama, dlake dužine od 1 do 3 cm potpuno odgovaraju. Ako je pak riječ o vodenim zonama gdje se šaran često lovi, približite mamac što više udici.
Broj postavljenih mamaca na dlaku također utječe na dužinu. Jasno je da će ona biti veća što nosi više boilia.

Možete postaviti dlaku na udicu na fiksni ili na podešavajući način. U prvom slučaju, na početku ribolova definitivno određujete njezinu dužinu i nemate je više mogućnost mijenjati. U drugom slučaju, izrađujete relativno dugu dlaku koju namatate oko vrata udice do željene dužine. Tada blokirate cjelinu uz pomoć silikonske navlake
.


Postavljanje boilie

Dlaka uvijek završava sa specijalnim štoperom* koji ulazi u petlju, a služi za pridržavanje mamca na dlaci. Potrebno je koristiti iglu za probadanje tvrdih mamaca ili posebnu iglu za boilie. Prvo morate probosti boiliu po sredini, zadržavajući u njoj iglu, a zatim provuči petlju dlake u usjek igle. Tada trebate lagano istegnuti cjelinu i premjestiti boiliu s igle na dlaku. Prije izvlačenja igle, postavite štoper.
Provjerite pravilan položaj mamca, a ako niste sasvim zadovoljni, ne oklijevajte ga skinuti i ponoviti postupak dok ne postignete, po vašem ukusu, savršenu prezentaciju.




Dobri sistemi

Udaljenost lova kao i vrsta dna uglavnom utječu na izbor sistema. Kada lovimo blizu obale, u plitkim zonama, kao što je često slučaj u proljeće, ne trebaju nam komplicirane montaže. Klasični samokvačivi sistemi sasvim zadovoljavaju. Dovoljno je samo prilagoditi oblik olova prirodi dna, tvrdom, travnatom...

U drugim godišnjim razdobljima katkada je neophodno tražiti šarane daleko od obale, u plićacima, blizu otoka ili na velikim dubinama. U tom slučaju samo helikopter sistem omogućuje izbacivanje mamca na veliku udaljenost bez opasnosti od zapetljavanja pri izbačaju.

Dodatkom glave sistema* izbjegavamo pucanje kod pojačanih izbačaja, a to nam omogućuje da čak i s jačim olovima povoljno koristimo osobine pruta koji mora biti snažan, barem 3 funte za dužinu od otprilike 13 stopa.



ribolov makedonija
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Pozdrav
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Bistro
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Dave Lusthof said...

To: ribolov macedonia

I'm from the Netherlands and in 2,5 weeks we will be at Lake Tikves for a fishing expedition for Carp and Catfish. Maybe you have time to exchange some information on fishing in Macedonia.

Fala mnogu,
Dave
dlusthof@cinbv.nl

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